We will know a little about some cities in Greece both in ancient and modern Greece. Here at Nestoras College students learn about Greek traditions at no extra cost for their parents.
This is the capital of the country and the largest city that exists in it until today, with a population of 664,000 inhabitants although in its metropolitan area is about 3.8 million people this is the main centre of the country as it contains life, economic, cultural and political very active.
The history about this city has an origin of at least 3 thousand years old which is related as the most populous and ancient city in the world during the time of classical Greece was a large city state which began with the development of the maritime interest in which the port Pireto had a very important role for the country’s democracy.
It is also considered as a cultural centre named as since that is where many artists, writers and philosophers lived these thoughts towards the city had a contribution at the time where they had a good influence for the development of Greece Rome and culture in the the west is also a rich city full of archaeological remains of great importance, of which the most famous so far is that of Parthenon which is located in the Acropolis, apart from these Greek constructions, Roman and Byzantine buildings are also present, as well as some constructions Notable modern.
In ancient times it was the headquarters where an important sanctuary was located and also where the Olympic games were held at that time, it was located at the foot of Monte cronio and on the right side of the Alfeo River.
The first remains of the archaeology of this monument are fragments of ceramics that belong to the fourth millennium before Christ, after the so-called bronze age were the remains of settlements among which a tomb found in the lower layers Pelopio (es a structure near the temple of Olympia), the temple of Olympia was very popular since the Olympic games were held every 4 years and were of great importance in the political games that were held at the time.
Temple of Zeus
During the classical period the temple of Zeus was built with its giant statue made of gold and ivory which was made by Phidias and this was also considered as one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world, near the temple of Zeus several materials were found which were used by this great sculptor. Due to the great offerings that Zeus was taking, he was the victim of many robberies for a time in ancient times. The flame that is used to sponsor the Olympic games is lit in the stadium of this city by means of the reflection of the solar light with parabolic mirror, after it is lit it is transported by means of a torch towards the place where the Olympic games will take place.
This is one of the islands that make up the Aegean Sea. This is part of an archipelago of the Cyclades volcanic islands which are deployed from the Attica and the Peloponnese peninsula in the so-called continental Greece unfolding to Crete. The island emerged during the prehistoric era. Excavations that have been carried out showed that Santorini was part of the Minoan civilization, or that it had a great connection with Cretan culture but most of those tests were destroyed after the volcanic eruption in the year. 1650 before Christ.
When this incident occurred, the city disappeared almost completely and only subsisted on the eastern side, thus forming the island as a crescent shape in front of this wide island, an empty volcano is located and flooded in its caldera, this island became at the main point of communication between east and west in the ninth century before Christ. Already in the year 630 the inhabitants arrived on the north coast of the African continent and there they founded the city of Cyrene the only colony of Thira that is in present-day Libya. During that classic era the island had no important role in the history of the Hellenics.
The Turks never colonized it since Santorini Island did not have great autonomy, as was the custom in much of the empire, the inhabitants always chose those who were going to represent them before the Ottoman and Venetian authorities, at that time Venice was who dominated the Mediterranean Sea during the years (1579-1821) after this ended piracy and international trade developed in a certain way.
When the second destruction of the palace was carried out, it continued with a dark and decaying phase but had to conform through the contribution of immigrants, that began the Archaic period in the eighth century before Christ the city regained its harmonious role over all Boeotia and its urban centre managed to expand from the city of Cadmea to the plain.
The sources in the literature refer to Thebes as the Polis in the urban mode, between the political and the territorial sense, the city appears in history as a low form of an oligarch government which protected the state through some rigid laws on the properties of goods and transmissions over time.
This is an ancient city which is currently located on the hill of Hisarlik, in this city the strongest war that has happened in the history of the country developed, after centuries there is still a bit of that trojan among the rubble which thanks to an expedition that took place in 1871, great archaeological sites that were popular for that time came to light. The trojan that tells the story was inhabited at the beginning of the third millennium before Christ and is located in the Turkish province of Canakkale next to the Escamandro Simois and Janto rivers.
Here at Nestoras College students learn about Greek traditions and Greek mythology at no extra cost for their parents. Today we will learn more about Greek traditions and customs.