It is not possible to concentrate on improving the yield of crops without taking into account the fertility of the soil, weeds, pests, pathogens and pollinating animals. The felling of trees, the drying of wetlands, the fumigation on hillsides, among others, can mean irreversible impacts on the environment.
Currently, there is a common cause for concern, it is the fact that human activities have reduced biological diversity on a global, national and regional scale and that this trend has shown no signs of changing. This is manifested in the loss of animal and plant populations, in the extinction and depletion of resources and in the simplification of ecosystems and communities.
Most common issues
A frequent problem is the lack of basic information about the resources of each nation or region, very few have inventories or basic biological studies and many lack a simple environmental map of the area. Most lack specific management plans or suffer from lack of financial means and specialized personnel, apart from a poor institutional organization. For this reason, adequate strategies are required in terms of planning and resource management, which can, on the one hand, reverse the degradation of ecosystems and, on the other, ensure the contribution they make to human well-being.
The extinction of plant and animal species is one of the most worrisome symptoms, since it constitutes an irreversible process that forever deprives us of a unique and irreplaceable genetic material that we may not even know yet that practical applications may have for the benefit of the same humanity that destroys them. This may be the easiest concept to understand in the materialistic and interested world in which we usually move, but it is not the only reason that advises the conservation of species. Indeed, the mere fact of not substantially altering the delicate plot that unites living beings with each other, and that reminds us that each species occupies a peculiar ecological niche that, with its extinction, either remains vacant or is occupied by other more ubiquitous species. With which singular food chains are simplified or disappear, and as if this were not enough, the only right to coexist on planet Earth in plant and animal species should be established as the main argument to avoid extinction by all means
The concern does not come from the fact that some species disappears, but because it is feared that we are witnessing a massive extinction. What worries, and very seriously, is the possibility of provoking a catastrophe that drives the human species itself.
The organisms that have inhabited the Earth since the appearance of life to the present have been very varied. The alive beings have been evolving continuously, being formed new species at the same time as others go disappearing. It is estimated that only about 1% of the species that have ever inhabited the planet survive today.
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No good news
If we calculate the extinction rate of this moment, based on the number of species per area, taking into account the loss of tropical forests (approximately 1/3 in the last 40 years), 50,000 species per year are extinguished (only 7,000 of them known). This represents 10,000 times the natural extinction rate and means 5% of the total species per decade. If these numbers are maintained, by the end of the 21st century, two thirds of the Earth’s species will have disappeared.
It is necessary to take measures and take decisive actions to conserve and maintain the genes, species and ecosystems, with a view to the management and sustainable use of biological resources. The national government, the provincial governments and the municipalities should embark on a joint path in order to establish goals that would enable a better knowledge of the biological reality and the design of adequate strategies so that resources could be used in a sustained manner. In this sense, it is important to implement plans and programs that will develop the evaluation, study and systematic observation of biodiversity. Some of the measures to take into account, would be:
-Promote an environmentally appropriate economic development, based on the sustainable use of the components of biodiversity, encouraging the participation of the private and public sector for these purposes.
-Foster the coordination among the interested parties, as well as the promotion of commercial norms and practices that promote the sustainable use of biological diversity.
– Obtaining financial resources and promoting fair and equitable participation in the benefits derived from the use of biological diversity, including environmental goods and services.
– Select and follow projects related to: identification and valorisation of the components of biodiversity, rehabilitation and restoration of degraded ecosystems, among others.
-Ensure that all use of species and ecosystems is sustainable.
The main benefit of biodiversity is not the direct use of the species, but the balanced functioning of the ecosystems. Provision of potable water, climate regulation, control of erosion and desertification, soil fertility, recycling of nutrients, combating pests, maintenance of pastures, renewal of fishing and waste treatment, as well as other intangible environmental services such as natural disaster prevention, options for leisure and tourism or nature’s own capacity to regenerate, all depend on the functions of the planet, to maintain the basic functions of ecosystems that have found their balance over the centuries. All levels of biodiversity are related to each other. It is not possible to concentrate on improving the yield of crops without taking into account the fertility of the soil, weeds, pests, pathogens and pollinating animals. The felling of trees, the drying of wetlands, the fumigation on hillsides, among others, can mean irreversible impacts on the environment and its use. Conserving biodiversity means knowing how to manage nature in a sustainable way, for ourselves and for future generations.
Remember that with Recyclit you can dispose inorganic waste, organic waste and recyclables knowing that you are using an innovative solution made with the most reliable and durable items in the market.